Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MbS) raised many eyebrows with recent comments that seemed unusually conciliatory toward Israel. MbS told the editor in chief of The Atlantic, Jeffrey Goldberg, “I believe that each people, anywhere, has a right to live in their peaceful nation. I believe the Palestinians and the Israelis have the right to have their own land.” “But” he crucially added, “we have to have a peace agreement to assure the stability for everyone and to have normal relations.” Did MbS break new ground? Yes and no. And differentiating what’s consistent from what’s new provides an important barometer of Saudi Arabia’s much-misunderstood policies toward Israel.